Ferromagnetic properties of ZnO:Mn nanocrystals obtained by the freeze-drying method

  • O. V. Kovalenko Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
  • V. Yu. Vorovsky Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
  • O. V. Khmelenko Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
  • Ye. G. Plakhtii Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
  • O. I. Kushnerov Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
Keywords: freeze-drying method, EPR spectra, ZnO:Mn nanocrystals, intrinsic and impurity defects, ferromagnetic properties

Abstract

In the work, the nanocrystals ZnO and ZnO:Mn with a concentration of Mn 2 and 4 at.% were obtained by the low-temperature freeze-drying method. For this purpose, solutions of zinc acetate Zn(CH3COO)2∙2H2O and manganese one Mn(CH3COO)2∙4H2O were used. By means of XRD, it is established that nanocrystals (NC’s) have a pure phase and wurtzite-type hexagonal lattice, their size is d ~ 65 nm. The EPR spectra of the samples have a broad absorption line. It is due to the presence of a large number of intrinsic and impurity defects in the NC’s. These defects are the result of the destructive action of hydrogen, which is a product of the thermal decomposition of zinc and manganese acetates. It is shown that there is a relationship between the number of crystal lattice defects in the ZnO:Mn NC’s and their ferromagnetic properties at room temperature. Samples of ZnO:Mn with a concentration of Mn 2 and 4 at.%. have a specific magnetization value of Мs equal to 0.089 and 0.045 emu/g, respectively. The results can have great potential in spintronic devices and spin-based electronics.

Published
2020-09-10
Section
Articles